Executive Director of the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), Prof. Newman Kwadwo Kusi, has decried the quantum of tax revenue that goes into debt repayment – saying it is time government put in efforts to restructure the tax system to rake in more revenue.
According to the economics professor, 84 percent of the country’s tax revenue goes into repaying interest on debt. What this essentially means is that for every GH¢1 tax collected, 0.84 pesewas goes into paying interest on debt – thereby leaving virtually nothing in government’s coffers to take care of capital expenditure.
This, according to Prof. Kusi, is as a result of the poor tax administration and tax system that has failed to mobilise enough revenue for the economy, leaving government with no choice than to borrow to finance the deficit; adding, the issue must be dealt with immediately.
“We have a very big problem with our tax system. And that is why even though we have GDP of over GH¢300bn, only 12.6 percent of that is collected as tax. So your GDP can go up, but if your tax system is weak – you don’t have mechanisms for collecting the taxes – you will not get the revenue. There is a need to deal with that issue. Dealing with that issue does not necessarily mean increasing the tax; we also have to improve tax compliance.
“Tax compliance is very weak in this country, and therefore we have a problem with our tax system and tax administration; we have to critically look at it. Otherwise, whenever we want to develop anything in this country we have to go and borrow money. That is why the country’s debt has increased from GH¢9.8billion in 2008 to GH¢205billion as we speak.
“If you take the interest that we pay on government debt, it is about more than 84 percent of tax revenue. Which means that for every GH¢1 tax that government collects, 84 pesewas of it goes to pay interest on government debt. How can the country develop? So, I think we need to look at revenue mobilisation very critically,” he told journalists in Accra.
Recent Bank of Ghana data have shown that the tax revenue is just 6.1 percent of GDP as of July 2019 compared with 6.5 percent recorded in the same period last year.
The report further reveals that domestic revenue was less than 8 percent of the country’s GDP in the same period; whereas debt to GDP had ballooned to a whopping GH¢205billion, representing 59.4 percent of GDP – with the external debt component alone taking more than half of it. The external debt in the period under consideration is now 31 percent of GDP, compared to same period last year when it was 28.7 percent of GDP.